The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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Author: "United States Army Corps of Engineers, Manhattan District"

Nagasaki

Nagasaki lies at the head of a long bay which forms the best natural harbor on the southern Japanese home island of Kyushu. The main commercial and residential area of the city lies on a small plain near the end of the bay. Two rivers divided by a mountain spur form the two main valleys in which the city lies. This mountain spur and the irregular lay-out of the city tremendously reduced the area of destruction, so that at first glance Nagasaki appeared to have been less devastated than Hiroshima.

The heavily build-up area of the city is confined by the terrain to less than 4 square miles out of a total of about 35 square miles in the city as a whole.

The city of Nagasaki had been one of the largest sea ports in southern Japan and was of great war-time importance because of its many and varied industries, including the production of ordnance, ships, military equipment, and other war materials. The narrow long strip attacked was of particular importance because of its industries.

In contrast to many modern aspects of Nagasaki, the residences almost without exception were of flimsy, typical Japanese construction, consisting of wood or wood-frame buildings, with wood walls with or without plaster, and tile roofs. Many of the smaller industries and business establishments were also housed in wooden buildings or flimsily built masonry buildings. Nagasaki had been permitted to grow for many years without conforming to any definite city zoning plan and therefore residences were constructed adjacent to factory buildings and to each other almost as close as it was possible to build them throughout the entire industrial valley.

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Chicago: "United States Army Corps of Engineers, Manhattan District", "Nagasaki," The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ed. Braybrooke, Richard Griffin, Baron, 1783-1853 and trans. Holcroft, Thomas, 1745-1809 in The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (New York: Doubleday, Page, 1909), Original Sources, accessed April 14, 2024, http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=FUXKZ2C36VPNGHZ.

MLA: "United States Army Corps of Engineers, Manhattan District". "Nagasaki." The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, edited by Braybrooke, Richard Griffin, Baron, 1783-1853, and translated by Holcroft, Thomas, 1745-1809, in The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vol. 36, New York, Doubleday, Page, 1909, Original Sources. 14 Apr. 2024. http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=FUXKZ2C36VPNGHZ.

Harvard: "United States Army Corps of Engineers, Manhattan District", 'Nagasaki' in The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ed. and trans. . cited in 1909, The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Doubleday, Page, New York. Original Sources, retrieved 14 April 2024, from http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=FUXKZ2C36VPNGHZ.