The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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Author: "United States Army Corps of Engineers, Manhattan District"

The Manhattan Project Atomic Bomb Investigating Group

On August 11th, 1945, two days after the bombing of Nagasaki, a message was dispatched from Major General Leslie R. Groves to Brigadier General Thomas F. Farrell, who was his deputy in atomic bomb work and was representing him in operations in the Pacific, directing him to organize a special Manhattan Project Atomic Bomb Investigating Group.

This Group was to secure scientific, technical and medical intelligence in the atomic bomb field from within Japan as soon as possible after the cessation of hostilities. The mission was to consist of three groups:

1. Group for Hiroshima.
2. Group for Nagasaki.
3. Group to secure information concerning general Japanese activities in the field of atomic bombs.

The first two groups were organized to accompany the first American troops into Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

The primary purposes of the mission were as follows, in order of importance:

1. To make certain that no unusual hazards were present in the bombed cities.

2. To secure all possible information concerning the effects of the bombs, both usual and unusual, and particularly with regard to radioactive effects, if any, on the targets or elsewhere.

General Groves further stated that all available specialist personnel and instruments would be sent from the United States, and that the Supreme Allied Commander in the Pacific would be informed about the organization of the mission.

On the same day, 11 August, the special personnel who formed the part of the investigating group to be sent from the United States were selected and ordered to California with instructions to proceed overseas at once to accomplish the purposes set forth in the message to General Farrell. The main party departed from Hamilton Field, California on the morning of 13 August and arrived in the Marianas on 15 August.

On 12 August the Chief of Staff sent the Theater Commander the following message:

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Chicago: "United States Army Corps of Engineers, Manhattan District", "The Manhattan Project Atomic Bomb Investigating Group," The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ed. Braybrooke, Richard Griffin, Baron, 1783-1853 and trans. Holcroft, Thomas, 1745-1809 in The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (New York: Doubleday, Page, 1909), Original Sources, accessed September 24, 2021, http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=2C5G3GTVJ42HWEA.

MLA: "United States Army Corps of Engineers, Manhattan District". "The Manhattan Project Atomic Bomb Investigating Group." The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, edited by Braybrooke, Richard Griffin, Baron, 1783-1853, and translated by Holcroft, Thomas, 1745-1809, in The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vol. 36, New York, Doubleday, Page, 1909, Original Sources. 24 Sep. 2021. originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=2C5G3GTVJ42HWEA.

Harvard: "United States Army Corps of Engineers, Manhattan District", 'The Manhattan Project Atomic Bomb Investigating Group' in The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ed. and trans. . cited in 1909, The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Doubleday, Page, New York. Original Sources, retrieved 24 September 2021, from http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=2C5G3GTVJ42HWEA.