Presidential Papers, March 2015

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Author: Barack H. Obama

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Notice—Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Iran

March 11, 2015

On March 15, 1995, by Executive Order 12957, the President declared a national emergency with respect to Iran, pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701–1706), to deal with the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States constituted by the actions and policies of the Government of Iran. On May 6, 1995, the President issued Executive Order 12959, imposing comprehensive sanctions on Iran to further respond to this threat. On August 19, 1997, the President issued Executive Order 13059, consolidating and clarifying the previous orders. I took additional steps pursuant to this national emergency in Executive Order 13553 of September 28, 2010, Executive Order 13574 of May 23, 2011, Executive Order 13590 of November 20, 2011, Executive Order 13599 of February 5, 2012, Executive Order 13606 of April 22, 2012, Executive Order 13608 of May 1, 2012, Executive Order 13622 of July 30, 2012, Executive Order 13628 of October 9, 2012, and Executive Order 13645 of June 3, 2013.

While the Joint Plan of Action (JPOA) between the P5+1 and Iran that went into effect on January 20, 2014, and was renewed by mutual consent of the P5+1 and Iran on July 19, 2014, and November 24, 2014, marks the first time in a decade that Iran has agreed to and taken specific actions that stop the advance and roll back key elements of its nuclear program, certain actions and policies of the Government of Iran continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States. For this reason, the national emergency declared on March 15, 1995, must continue in effect beyond March 15, 2015. Therefore, in accordance with section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)), I am continuing for 1 year the national emergency with respect to Iran declared in Executive Order 12957. The emergency declared in Executive Order 12957 constitutes an emergency separate from that declared on November 14, 1979, by Executive Order 12170. This renewal, therefore, is distinct from the emergency renewal of November 2014.

This notice shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted to the Congress.

BARACK OBAMA

The White House,

March 11, 2015.

[Filed with the Office of the Federal Register, 11:15 a.m., March 12, 2015]

NOTE: This notice was published in the Federal Register on March 13.

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Chicago: Barack H. Obama, "Notice—Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Iran," Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents [Collected for March 2015] in Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents [Collected for March 2015] (Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 1, 2015), Original Sources, accessed October 16, 2019, http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=HRITKP5TVTZRWNF.

MLA: Obama, Barack H. "Notice—Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Iran." Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents [Collected for March 2015], in Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents [Collected for March 2015], Washington D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, March 1, 2015, Original Sources. 16 Oct. 2019. originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=HRITKP5TVTZRWNF.

Harvard: Obama, BH, 'Notice—Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to Iran' in Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents [Collected for March 2015]. cited in March 1, 2015, Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents [Collected for March 2015], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 16 October 2019, from http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=HRITKP5TVTZRWNF.