A Dictionary of American History

Contents:
Author: Thomas L. Purvis  | Date: 1995

Macarthur, Douglas

Macarthur, Douglas (b. Little Rock, Ark., 26 January 1880; d. Washington, D.C., 5 April 1964) After graduating first in his class from West Point in 1903, MacArthur saw duty under his own father in the Philippine Insurrection, was Theodore Roosevelt’s aide de camp in 1906, and was twice wounded in World War I, when he commanded a division. After serving in the Philippines (1922–30), he became army chief of staff (1930–5), during which time he dispersed the Bonus Army. He retired in 1937, but was recalled in July 1941 to organize the defense of the Philippines. In World War II, he was supreme army commander in the Pacific theater and chief architect of Japan’s defeat, especially through his innovative strategy of island hopping. He directed the occupation and democratization of Japan (1945–50). As commander of UN forces in the Korean War, he forced North Korean evacuation by his Inchon invasion, but was thrown on the defensive when Chinese forces crossed the Yalu River. His military career ended on 10 April 1951 when he was relieved of command for insubordination.

Contents:

Related Resources

Douglas MacArthur

Download Options


Title: A Dictionary of American History

Select an option:

*Note: A download may not start for up to 60 seconds.

Email Options


Title: A Dictionary of American History

Select an option:

Email addres:

*Note: It may take up to 60 seconds for for the email to be generated.

Chicago: Thomas L. Purvis, "Macarthur, Douglas," A Dictionary of American History in A Dictionary of American History (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1995), Original Sources, accessed December 6, 2021, http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=GI6PXDCT6JIU9EE.

MLA: Purvis, Thomas L. "Macarthur, Douglas." A Dictionary of American History, in A Dictionary of American History, Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Reference, 1995, Original Sources. 6 Dec. 2021. originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=GI6PXDCT6JIU9EE.

Harvard: Purvis, TL, 'Macarthur, Douglas' in A Dictionary of American History. cited in 1995, A Dictionary of American History, Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, Mass.. Original Sources, retrieved 6 December 2021, from http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=GI6PXDCT6JIU9EE.