A Dictionary of American History

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Author: Thomas L. Purvis  | Date: 1995

Japanese Relocation

Japanese Relocation When Pearl Harbor was attacked, 112,000 Japanese lived on the Pacific coast, including 40,000 Issei (first or immigrant generation) and 72,000 Nissei (second or native-born generation). An executive order of 19 February 1942 authorized the secretary of war to evacuate them from the coast, where a Japanese attack seemed possible, to ten interior camps. No relocation of Japanese was undertaken in Hawaii. The Supreme Court upheld US actions in Hirabayashi v. United States and Korematsu v. United States. On 10 August 1988, the US created a $1,250,000,000 trust fund to compensate surviving internees for their financial losses.

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Chicago: Thomas L. Purvis, "Japanese Relocation," A Dictionary of American History in A Dictionary of American History (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1995), Original Sources, accessed December 10, 2019, http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D7MT4TPH8SEGRDZ.

MLA: Purvis, Thomas L. "Japanese Relocation." A Dictionary of American History, in A Dictionary of American History, Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Reference, 1995, Original Sources. 10 Dec. 2019. originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D7MT4TPH8SEGRDZ.

Harvard: Purvis, TL, 'Japanese Relocation' in A Dictionary of American History. cited in 1995, A Dictionary of American History, Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, Mass.. Original Sources, retrieved 10 December 2019, from http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D7MT4TPH8SEGRDZ.