The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990

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The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990

BASIC LAW
for the Federal Republic of Germany

(Promulgated by the Parliamentary Council on 23 May 1949)

(as Amended by the Unification Treaty of 31 August 1990 and

Federal Statute of 23 September 1990)

[INTRODUCTORY LETTER]

The following is a letter from President Richard von Weizsaecker concerning the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany. It is not part of the Basic Law but is interesting reading:

Foreword by the Federal President

For more than forty years, the Basic Law has determined the development of the polity of the Federal Republic of Germany. In its area of application, it has bestowed on the citizens a life in liberty, democratic self-determination and personal responsibility, protected by law and justice.

This political order is the freest the Germans have enjoyed in their history to date. For decades, the division of Germany prevented the entire German people from living in such freedom.

On October 3,1990, we accomplished the unity and liberty of Germany in free self-determination. Thus all Germans now live under a constitution which protects the dignity and basic rights of man, regulates public life and facilitates peaceful change. No constitution, of course, can endow us with the ability to achieve such things. We ourselves must give life to it. We are the ones who must recognize and address new challenges, not least when it comes to forging human links between east and west in a united land.

For the first time in centuries, we Germans are no longer a source of strife on the agenda of Europe. Our unification was not forced on Europe; rather, it was achieved in peaceful agreement. It is part of a common historical development, one which assures nations their liberty and which can overcome the division of our continent. We Germans in particular want to contribute resolutely to this process and have a special obligation to do so. Our unity is dedicated to it. In doing so, we fulfill the mandate of our constitution together.

Richard von Weizsacker

BASIC LAW
for the Federal Republic of Germany

(Promulgated by the Parliamentary Council on 23 May 1949)

(as Amended by the Unification Treaty of 31 August 1990 and

Federal Statute of 23 September 1990)

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Chicago: Press and Information Office, Federal Republic of Germany. Revised by Federal Ministers of the Interior, Justice and Finance, July 1991, trans., "The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990," The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990 in The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990 Original Sources, accessed February 25, 2024, http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=C4NUXXVGIZ9D5YE.

MLA: . "The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990." The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990, translted by Press and Information Office, Federal Republic of Germany. Revised by Federal Ministers of the Interior, Justice and Finance, July 1991, in The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990, Original Sources. 25 Feb. 2024. http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=C4NUXXVGIZ9D5YE.

Harvard: (trans.), 'The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990' in The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990. cited in , The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany [Constitution of Germany], 1990. Original Sources, retrieved 25 February 2024, from http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=C4NUXXVGIZ9D5YE.