Eyewitness Reports of Great Events

Author: Thaneni  | Date: 1479 B.C.

Show Summary

Thaneni’s Account
of Pharoah Thutmose III
Victory Over the Syrians at Armageddon

[1479 B.C.]


Then the tents of His Majesty were pitched, and orders were sent out to the whole army, saying:

"Arm yourselves! Get your weapons ready, for we shall set out to do battle with the miserable enemy at daybreak."

The king sat in his tent, the officers made their preparations, and the rations of the servants were provided. The military sentries went about crying:

"Be firm of heart. Be firm of heart. Keep watch! Keep watch! Keep watch over the life of the king in his tent."

And a report was brought to His Majesty that the country was quiet, and that the foot soldiers of the south and north were ready. On the twenty-first first day of the first month of the season Shemu [March-April] of the twenty-third year of the reign of His Majesty, and the day of the festival of the new moon, which was also the anniversary of the king’s coronation, at dawn, behold, the order was given to set the whole army in motion. His Majesty set out in his chariot of silver-gold, and he had girded on himself the weapons of battle, like Horus the Slayer, the lord of might, and he was like unto Menthu [the War god] of Thebes, and Amen his father gave strength to his arms. The southern half of the army was stationed on a hill to the south of the stream Kina, and the northern half lay to the southwest of Megiddo. His Majesty was between them, and Amen was protecting him and giving strength to his body.

His Majesty at the head of his army attacked his enemies, and broke their line, and when they saw that he was overwhelming them they broke and fled to Megiddo in a panic, leaving their horses and their gold and silver chariots on the field. [The fugitives] were pulled up by the people over the walls into the city. Now they let down their clothes by which to pull them up. If the soldiers of His Majesty had not devoted themselves to securing loot of the enemy, they would have been able to capture the city of Megiddo at the moment when the vile foes from Kadesh and the vile foes from this city were being dragged up hurriedly over the walls into this city; for the terror of His Majesty had entered into them, and their arms dropped helplessly, and the serpent on his crown overthrew them.

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Chicago: Thaneni, Eyewitness Reports of Great Events, trans. E. A. T. W. Budge in They Saw It Happen: Eyewitnesses of Great Events, ed. Thaneni, Account of Pharoah Thutmose III Victory Over the Syrians, Literature of the Ancient Egyptians, E.A.T.W. Budge, trans. (New York: E.P. Dutton and Company, Inc., 1914) as cited in Louis Leo Snyder and Richard B. Morris (Harrisburg, Pa.: Stackpole Co., 1951), Original Sources, accessed October 15, 2019, http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=8UXT9D9DAZC8BAS.

MLA: Thaneni. Eyewitness Reports of Great Events, translted by E. A. T. W. Budge, in They Saw It Happen: Eyewitnesses of Great Events, edited by Thaneni, Account of Pharoah Thutmose III Victory Over the Syrians, Literature of the Ancient Egyptians, E.A.T.W. Budge, trans. (New York: E.P. Dutton and Company, Inc., 1914) as cited in Louis Leo Snyder and Richard B. Morris, Harrisburg, Pa., Stackpole Co., 1951, Original Sources. 15 Oct. 2019. originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=8UXT9D9DAZC8BAS.

Harvard: Thaneni, Eyewitness Reports of Great Events, trans. . cited in 1951, They Saw It Happen: Eyewitnesses of Great Events, ed. , Stackpole Co., Harrisburg, Pa.. Original Sources, retrieved 15 October 2019, from http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=8UXT9D9DAZC8BAS.