A Dictionary of American History

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Author: Thomas L. Purvis  | Date: 1995

Midway, Battle of

Midway, Battle of On 3–6 June 1942, US task forces under Rear Admiral Jack Fletcher (1 carrier, 2 cruisers, 5 destroyers, 60 planes) and Rear Admiral Raymond Spruance (2 carriers, 9 destroyers, 6 cruisers, 120 planes)—supported by 109 aircraft on the Midway Islands—intercepted Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo’s carrier task force (4 carriers, 2 battleships, 2 cruisers, 12 transports with 25,000 soldiers, 272 planes). US losses: 1 carrier, 1 destroyer, 150 planes, 307 sailors. Japanese losses: 3 carriers sunk, 1 carrier damaged and scuttled, 1 cruiser, 253 planes, 3,500 sailors dead and wounded. Midway was the turning point in the war against Japan, because the loss of four carriers crippled the Imperial Navy’s offensive capability before it could destroy the US fleet.

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Chicago: Thomas L. Purvis, "Midway, Battle of," A Dictionary of American History in A Dictionary of American History (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1995), Original Sources, accessed December 12, 2019, http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=6IGYQ8S5SVGQ6YR.

MLA: Purvis, Thomas L. "Midway, Battle of." A Dictionary of American History, in A Dictionary of American History, Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Reference, 1995, Original Sources. 12 Dec. 2019. originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=6IGYQ8S5SVGQ6YR.

Harvard: Purvis, TL, 'Midway, Battle of' in A Dictionary of American History. cited in 1995, A Dictionary of American History, Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, Mass.. Original Sources, retrieved 12 December 2019, from http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=6IGYQ8S5SVGQ6YR.