A Dictionary of American History

Contents:
Author: Thomas L. Purvis  | Date: 1995

Okinawa, Battle of

Okinawa, Battle of On 1 April 1945, Lieutenant General Simon Buckner’s Tenth Army (183,000 men, including a USMC corps) began landing on Okinawa, held by General Mitsuru Ushijima’s 130,000 Japanese; they overwhelmed final enemy resistance on 21 June. Rear Admiral Richmond Turner’s task force took heavy losses from kamikaze attacks. US Army losses: 4,336 killed (including Buckner), 15,756 wounded. USMC losses: 3,277 killed, 16,044 wounded. US Navy losses: 4,900 killed, 4,800 wounded, 38 ships sunk, 763 aircraft destroyed. Japanese losses: 107,500 known dead, 7,400 captured, 16 ships, 4,000 planes, at least 70,000 civilians killed. Okinawa’s conquest allowed the US to cut Japan’s supply lines with Southeast Asia and China, and to reach Japan with medium bombers.

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Chicago: Thomas L. Purvis, "Okinawa, Battle of," A Dictionary of American History in A Dictionary of American History (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1995), Original Sources, accessed April 14, 2024, http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=3ZQKWIQS9K8UKSX.

MLA: Purvis, Thomas L. "Okinawa, Battle of." A Dictionary of American History, in A Dictionary of American History, Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Reference, 1995, Original Sources. 14 Apr. 2024. http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=3ZQKWIQS9K8UKSX.

Harvard: Purvis, TL, 'Okinawa, Battle of' in A Dictionary of American History. cited in 1995, A Dictionary of American History, Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, Mass.. Original Sources, retrieved 14 April 2024, from http://originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=3ZQKWIQS9K8UKSX.