Henry James

Henry James (April 15, 1843-February 28, 1916) was an American novelist, philanthropist, and businessman. He was the son of Henry James, Sr., one of the best-known intellectuals in 19th century America. His most popular work of fiction, The Portrait of a Lady (1881), anticipated the type of exploration of the mind that would be conducted when social science became an independent field of study. His critically acclaimed discussion of the differences between Europeans and Americans may be found in his novel The Wings of the Dove (1902); it remains one of his best works.