Hans Christian Andersen

Hans Christian Andersen (April 2, 1805-August 4, 1875)—Danish novelist, poet, and playwright—is best known for writing fairy tales. Andersen's tales are known throughout the world and have been translated into more than 125 languages. Among his most popular tales are The Princess and the Pea, Thumbelina, The Little Mermaid, The Steadfast Tin Soldier, The Ugly Duckling, and The Emperor's New Clothes. His 156 fairy tales, the first of which was published in 1835, appeared first as pamphlets and were later published in books. These tales won Andersen the fame and success he longed for and allowed him to become acquainted with many prominent figures of his day, including Victor Hugo and Charles Dickens.